Scene 1.3 - In Duke Frederick's palace.
Back inside the palace, Celia notices that Rosalind is strangely silent, and jokes with her about having fallen so quickly in love with Orlando. Rosalind acknowledges that Celia is right, but adds that it's not surprising, since her father Duke Senior loved Orlando's father well. Celia, laughing, points out that if it were that simple Celia herself should hate Orlando - which, of course, she doesn't.
Suddenly, Celia's father, Duke Frederick, enters the room, smoldering with anger. In a few words, he tells Rosalind that she must pack up her belongings as quickly as possible and leave the palace without delay: if she is not twenty miles away from the court in ten days' time, he will have her executed. When the amazed Rosalind asks why he is banishing her, Duke Frederick simply insists that she is a traitor and that he cannot trust her. She presses him, and he angrily reminds her that she is her father's daughter - apparently forgetting that he himself was the one guilty of overthrowing and banishing his older brother. The anguished Celia leaps in to plead for Rosalind, reminding her father that the two girls have grown up together and have become inseparable, and receives the angry reply that when Rosalind is gone, Celia herself will shine out much more brightly than she does now; Duke Frederick is nervous that his people adore Rosalind too much. (This is very similar to Oliver's reason for wanting Orlando disposed of.)
After Duke Frederick has stormed out of the room, Celia - much to Rosalind's surprise - assures Rosalind that she will not allow her to leave alone: Celia will remain at her side, and they will flee the court together. Celia suggests that the two head to the Forest of Arden, to seek out Duke Senior - Rosalind's father and Celia's uncle - where he lives in banishment. In order to protect themselves from assailants and thieves, Celia decides that they should both put on ragged clothing and smear their faces with brown paint so they will look like peasants instead of noblewomen. But Rosalind has an even better idea: Since she is unusually tall, she will dress as a young man - providing even better protection for herself and Celia. While they are in disguise, the two must take on new names: Rosalind will be called Ganymede (the name of the page boy of Jove, king of the Roman gods), and Celia will be called Aliena (which means "other" in Latin). They further decide to take Touchstone, the court clown, with them, for added safety in numbers; Touchstone is so fond of Celia that he will be easily persuaded. Rosalind jokingly points out that even if she will be concealing her true nature under her man's clothing and the weapons she'll carry, that's no more than "real" men do all the time - hiding a cowardly nature under an outward display of swashbuckling machismo.
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Points to Ponder
Did You Know
Scenes 2.1, 2.2, 2.3
Scenes 2.4, 2.5, and 2.6
Scenes 4.2 and 4.3
Scenes 5.1 and 5.2
Scenes 5.3 and 5.4