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Did You Know

Norwegian copyright laws did not apply outside Scandinavia at the time that A Doll's House was published, and Ibsen discovered to his chagrin and fury that some theaters in Europe were producing the play with a forged happy ending. The first American production, in 1883, ended happily too. Ibsen himself wrote an alternate ending for one German production, saying that if it had to be done, he would rather do it himself than let someone else tamper with his work.

In Norwegian, the language in which the play originally was written, the word skyld means both debt and guilt.

Ibsen once wrote, "Every new work has had as its purpose for me that of serving as a process of spiritual emancipation and purification; for no man ever stands quite without some responsibility and some complicity in the society to which he belongs." (From a letter to Ludwig Passarge, 16 June 1880).

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Historical Context
Main Characters
Points to Ponder
Did You Know
Plot Summary
Act 1, Part 1
Act 1, Part 2
Act 2, Part 1
Act 2, Part 2
Act 3, Part 1
Act 3, Part 2
Act 3, Part 3


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